What is gum disease?
Gum disease (also called periodontitis) is the inflammation and infection of the ligaments and bones that support the teeth.
Half of the U.S. adult population has some form of gum disease. However, many people are unaware of the signs and do not find out until they go in for a check-up at the dentist or experience symptoms.
7 Signs of Gum Disease:
1. Redness or swelling of the gums
2. Gums that easily bleed – especially when you brush or floss
3. Gum tenderness or pain when eating or chewing
4. Gum recession where the gum pulls away from the teeth
5. Teeth becoming loose
6. Teeth or dentures that do not fit together properly
7. Persistent bad breath or a foul taste
If you experience any of these symptoms, it is best that you schedule a visit with your dentist.
The two stages of gum disease:
There are two stages of gum disease. The first is gingivitis, and the second is periodontitis. It is best to catch gum disease in its earliest stage in order to reverse the disease and save your oral health.
Gingivitis only affects the gums. Red, swollen gums that bleed easily are signs of gingivitis. By paying attention to the 7 signs of gum disease, you can schedule a visit with your dentist before gingivitis becomes periodontitis.
Leads to a long list of problems that can occur if gingivitis goes untreated. Bacteria can cause a chronic infection, spaces form between the teeth and gum, and it can cause the destruction of the bone support.
Other factors may accelerate the condition. Pocket depth also can increase, which is a sign that the disease is progressing and that surgery may be needed.
Treatment of gum disease varies from person to person, but it frequently includes a procedure called planing and scaling, or the use of antibiotics. Those who have advanced gum disease will have to schedule regular dentist visits in order to control it.
By allowing gum disease to advance, you may find yourself at a risk for losing teeth and other major health problems.
How do I prevent gum disease?
You can avoid developing gum disease if you pay attention to your oral health and follow a dental hygiene plan at home. This plan should include the bare minimum of:
· Brushing your teeth twice a day (or after every meal)
· Daily flossing
· Maintain a bacteria-controlled environment through the use of mouthwash or natural oils
Remember that how you take care of your teeth is the major factor in preventing, controlling, and worsening gum disease. Your gums need to be properly treated with a routine hygiene plan that is enforced daily.
It is also best to visit your dentist for routine check-ups and regular cleanings in order for your dentist to remove tartar build up on your teeth that can lead to gingivitis. These visits also allow your dentist to identify gum disease at its earliest signs and provide you with an action plan that will prevent gum disease.